As the only French-speaking region in North America, Quebec is unlike anywhere else on the continent. The majority of the population is made up of French-Canadians, descendants of 17th century French settlers who have withstood centuries of pressure to integrate into Anglo-Saxon society. The concept of a “distinct society” distinguishes Quebec from English Canada. The federal system created in 1867 recognized the distinct nature of French-speaking and Catholic institutions of the majority of Quebec's population.
Although it is primarily intended for freight transport through companies such as Canadian National (CN) and Canadian Pacific (CP), Quebec's rail network is also used by intercity passengers through Via Rail Canada and Amtrak. In terms of folklore, the French-speaking population of Quebec has the second largest body of folk tales in Canada (the first being the natives); the most prominent within Quebec folklore are the ancient parables and tales. The development of Quebec masterpieces in painting, engraving and sculpture is marked by the contribution of artists such as Louis-Philippe Hébert, Cornelius Krieghoff, Alfred Laliberté, Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté, Jean Paul Lemieux, Clarence Gagnon, Adrien Dufresne, Alfred Pellan, Jean-Philippe Dallaire, Charles Daudelin, Arthur Villeneuve, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Paul-Emile Bordows and Marcelle Ferron. The Carillon Sacré-Coeur flag and the flag of French merchants became the main inspirations for Quebecers when creating the current flag of Quebec in 1903, called Fleurdelisé.
Adapted to adapt to the traditions of rural Quebec by transforming the European hero into Ti-Jean, a generic rural inhabitant, they finally generated many other stories. Most Franco-Albertans, Fransaskois and Franco-Manitobans are descended from these emigrants from Quebec. Many Quebecers have made a name for themselves in the jazz world, such as Oscar Peterson, Oliver Jones, Karen Young, Lorraine Desmarais, Vic Vogel, Michel Donato and Alain Caron. The interests of non-French-speaking Quebecers, or the idea that Canadian democracy has some interest in not having a xenophobic ethnostate operating within its borders, are causes without champions in Ottawa.
This kind of thing is why so many Canadians complain that Quebec is “spoiled politicians” and proposals that would be considered intolerant or absurd elsewhere are met with stiff smiles and condescending nods. The origins of Quebec French lie in the 17th and 18th century regional varieties (dialects) of early modern French, also known as classical French, and other oil languages (especially the Poitevin dialect, the Saintongeais dialect, and the Norman dialect) that French settlers brought to New France. When the British Empire recognized the independence of the rebel colonies at the signing of the 1783 Treaty of Paris, it granted Illinois and the Ohio Valley to the newly formed United States and designated the 45th parallel as its border, drastically reducing the size of Quebec. A region of small towns and farmland south of Quebec City, its inhabitants have a strong regional identity related to the area's long history.
Given the geology of the province and its different climates, there are a number of large areas of vegetation in Quebec. However, the silent revolution of the 60s to the 80s increased the role of the Government of Quebec in l'État Québécois (state of Quebec). During the 1950s and 1960s, Quebec maintained record fertility rates, and the Roman Catholic Church used its priests (established in all parishes and small towns) to guide and direct people's attitudes and morals.